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TravelGuides – Massive “Dragon Man” skull found in China might be a new human evolutionary branch

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TravelGuides – Massive “Dragon Man” skull found in China might be a new human evolutionary branch

A huge fossilized skull that was hidden in a nicely in China for 90 years has simply been found by scientists — and it is making them rethink human evolution.

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The skull was initially found in 1933 by Chinese laborers constructing a bridge in Harbin, a northern Chinese metropolis, through the Japanese occupation, researchers stated. To stop the skull from falling into Japanese fingers, it was wrapped and hidden in an deserted nicely. It was solely rediscovered in 2018 when the previous man who initially hid it advised his grandson, shortly earlier than his demise.

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The remarkably nicely-preserved fossil has been labeled a new human species, Homo longi, by Chinese researchers. The species has been dubbed “Dragon man,” for the northern Chinese province the place the skull was found, Heilongjiang — or in English, the “Black Dragon River” area.

harbin-location.jpg
Map exhibits the placement that the Harbin skull was found. 

Qiang Ji


In a series of three articles revealed in analysis journal the Innovation on Friday, scientists posited that the skull belonged to an roughly 50-yr-previous man. He would have had a huge nostril to permit him to breathe uninhibited throughout heavy exercise and doubtless would have been constructed sturdily to face up to the frigid regional winters, researchers wrote. 

One of essentially the most exceptional points of the Harbin skull is its huge measurement, which, at 9 inches lengthy and greater than 6 inches huge, is considerably bigger than the trendy human skull.

The skull additionally has a cranial capability of roughly 1,420 milliliters or 48 fluid ounces. That falls into the cranial capability vary of recent people, however the skull additionally possesses many primitive options that make it a distinctive hyperlink between fashionable people and Neanderthals. 

harbinskull.jpg
A photograph of the Harbin skull.

Qiang Ji


Beneath the thick forehead ridge, the face has massive sq. eye sockets, however is delicate regardless of its measurement. 

“It differs from all the other named Homo species,” researchers wrote, noting that it has a mixture of historical and fashionable options like a “gently curved” however “massively developed” forehead ridge and low, flat cheekbones with “shallow” depressions beneath them. And in comparison with right this moment’s extra fashionable, spherical skull, researchers stated the Harbin skull was lengthy and low.

The worldwide analysis group, led by Professor Qiang Ji on the Hebei Geo University in China, used geochemical strategies to this point the skull to no less than 146,000 years previous.

harbin-reconstruction.jpg
An illustration of what the “Dragon Man” might have seemed like. 

Qiang Ji


When the scientists in contrast the fossil to 95 different skulls utilizing a software program program, they found that the Harbin skull and a few different Chinese skulls appeared to type a new branch that was nearer to fashionable people than Neanderthals. 

The Chinese group stated they suppose the Harbin skull is sufficiently distinctive that it qualifies as a new species. However, others aren’t satisfied. Professor Chris Stringer, a analysis chief on the Natural History Museum in London who additionally labored on the venture, told the Guardian that the skull might be much like one other skull found in China in 1978.

He stated, “The important thing is the third lineage of later humans that are separate from Neanderthals and separate from Homo sapiens.”

TravelGuides – Massive “Dragon Man” skull found in China might be a new human evolutionary branch

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